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Toyota Land Cruiser

Toyota Land Cruiser

Toyota Land Cruiser
Overview
ManufacturerToyota
Production1951-present
Body Style(s)4-door SUV
LayoutFront engine / four-wheel drive
Engine(s)5.7L 381 hp Dual VVTi V8 Petrol
4.7L 286 hp VVTi V8 Petrol
4.5L 263 hp D-4D V8 Diesel
4.0L 240 hp DOHC with VVT-i Petrol
Transmission(s))6-speed automatic
5-speed automatic
5-speed manual
Wheelbase2850 mm (112.2 in)
Length4950 mm (194.9 in)
Width1970 mm (77.6 in)
Height1880 mm (74 in)
Curb Weight5690 lbs.
Specifications
Engine(s) Specs5.7-liter DOHC 32-valve EFI V8 with dual independent VVT-i
Power381 hp @ 5600 rpm
Torque401 lb.-ft. @ 3600 rpm
Redline (RPM)6,000 rpm
Transmission(s) SpecsElectronically controlled automatic overdrive with intelligence(ECT-i), sequential shift mode and uphill/downhill logic.
Green Specs13/18mpg (city/highway)
Rated Performance
Top Speed210 km/h (132mph) (for the 4.5 D-4D)
Acceleration0-60 mph (0-100 km/h) @ 7.3 seconds
Standing 1/4 Mile15.9 seconds

History

The Toyota Land Cruiser is a popular series of four-wheel drive vehicles produced by the Japanese carmaker Toyota Motor Corporation. The Land Cruiser, along with the Hilux utility, has been used in the world's most grueling terrains and climates. Design of the Land Cruiser began in 1951 as a Toyota Jeep-like vehicle and production began in 1954. The Land Cruiser has been produced in many different versions such as the convertible, hardtop, station wagon and utility. In many places, the term Land Cruiser has even become a generic term for an off-road vehicle.

Recent Production - 100 Series (1998-2007)

1998 - Toyota introduced the 100 Land Cruiser to replace the 80. At launch the UZJ100 featured the first eight-cylinder engine (4.7-litre 32-valve 2UZ-FE petrol engine) in a Toyota four wheel drive. The Land Cruiser won Australian 4WD Monthly's "4x4 Of The Year" award for the third time in a row.

1999 - Toyota updated the 70 with a coil-spring front solid-axle.

2000 - 50th Anniversary of the Land Cruiser. Total global production to date is 3.72 million vehicles. 90 Prados get active traction control (Active TRAC), vehicle skid control equipment (VSC), and electronic brake force distribution (EBD) systems as standard equipment in some markets.

2002 - All new 120 Prado is released and the 100 is restyled. The centre of gravity was reduced by 30 mm, ensuring better stability and dual fuel tanks with a total capacity of 180 L in the new 120 Prado. Downhill Assist Control and Hill-start Assist Control enhance the vehicle's stability under difficult off-road conditions.

2007 - Toyota unveils the Lexus LX570 URJ-200 at the 2007 New York Auto Show. Toyota's first turbo-diesel V8 engine, the 1VD-FTV was released worldwide for the 2007-model 70-series Land Cruiser.

Current Production - 200 Series (2008-present)

The Toyota Land Cruiser was redesigned for 2008. Known as the 200 Series, it will share the 2008 Lexus LX's platform and overall design. Though many time-honored Land Cruiser supporters have welcomed the re-invigoration of the mechanical aspects of the vehicle, the 200 Series has encountered criticism due to its controversial body restyling, with some claiming that Toyota has 'overdeveloped' the classic trademarked Land Cruiser identity in its efforts to fit the Land Cruiser in to modern 21st century motoring. Toyota presented its completely redesigned Land Cruiser in October at the 2007 Australian International Motor Show in Sydney. The vehicle entered production in September and was available for sale in November 2007. Although the new Land Cruiser was presented at its first motor show in Sydney, it was already on sale in Japan, launched there in September 2007. It also became available in Venezuela for sale early in November under the local nickname of "Roraima" (Taken from Monte Roraima in Venezuela). The 200 Series is offered in three different levels of trim in Australia and Oceania:

  • GXL
  • VX
  • Sahara

The base GX which was available on the 100 Series is now available on the 70 Series as a 5-door wagon. The 200 Series, offered numerous features and upgrades over its predecessor not limited to the cosmetic changes made to the body and interior, including:

  • Smart Entry - A sensor is triggered when the remote is brought near the vehicle, allowing the user to simply touch the door handle to open it.
  • Smart Start - Start/Stop push button for ignition; a key is not required.
  • 4-zone climate control on Sahara models, with outlet vents increased from 18 to 28
  • 10 airbags (VX & Sahara)
  • Stronger and lighter frame

Various driver assist technologies not offered on previous models including:

  • CRAWL 4WD control system
  • Downhill Assist Control
  • A newly developed ABS system, the multi-terrain anti-lock braking system (ABS)
  • Kinetic Dynamic Suspension System (KDSS)

Engine and transmission improvements include:

  • An all new optional V8 Diesel engine.
  • Automatic transmission standard across all levels of trim of the 200 Series, 5-speed manual transmission is offered only with the 4.0L GX models (in selected regions). A five-speed automatic gearbox is assigned to the 4.7L petrol models, while the 4.5L diesel models receive a six-speed automatic.
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Source: Wikipedia under the GNU Free Documentation License


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